Un phénomène qui prend de plus en plus de l’ampleur
Un phénomène qui prend de plus en plus de l’ampleur Website
European Union leaders have signed a treaty to reform the bloc's institutions and give it stronger leadership, marking the end of a difficult process that has lasted nearly a decade. The Treaty of Lisbon replaces an ambitious constitution that was rejected by French and Dutch voters in 2005, which threw the EU into crisis at the time. At an elaborate signing ceremony at Lisbon's grandiose Jeronimos Monastery on Thursday, leaders said the treaty would open a new chapter in EU history by giving it a more robust foreign policy and more democracy in decision making. "This was the European project that many generations dreamed of and others before us championed, with a vision of the future," Jose Socrates, the Portuguese prime minister, told the leaders at the ceremony. "Europe was blocked, without knowing how to move forward and we found the solution with this treaty," Nicolas Sarkozy, the French president, said. Revitalisation The treaty is a toned down version of the constitution and EU leaders hope it will be effective in adapting the bloc's structures to having 27 members, after it opened its doors to 12 mostly ex-communist states in 2004 and 2007. The bloc's rotating presidencies will end with the new treaty and be replaced in 2009 with a long-term president of the European Council, who will chair summits. The treaty will also create a foreign policy high representative. It will allow more decisions to be taken by majority voting, notably on justice and security issues, and give more say to the European and national parliaments. A charter of fundamental European rights is attached to the treaty. In streamlining decision-making and ending a drawn-out process, officials hope the treaty can allow the EU to turn to more important things, such as job creation and facing up to the challenges of globalisation.